The Terpene Geraniol

Posted by Jeri Darling on

Before I started researching Geraniol, I had no clue to what this terpene could do. I had heard it mentioned but never took the time to research it. Well, that has all changed now.

Meet Geraniol, the fragrant monoterpenoid, common to flowers such as roses and geraniums. Geraniol is also found in an array of other plants such as lemongrass, catnip, beebalm, citronella, Assam tea, grapes, and tobacco. Geraniol has also been shown to be the active component in the Nasonov pheromone released by worker honeybees to re-orient the bees out foraging back to the hive. Amazing, right?!

Here is a list of some of the things Geraniol is known for:

  • Geraniol demonstrates antioxidant properties. Researchers found that geraniol increased cell viability, that is, the cell’s ability to survive or live successfully. Geraniol also led to an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), an important enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of the superoxide radical (O2), thus making it an integral antioxidant. When the superoxide radical is not held in check, damage to our cells can result. This may be why our grandmothers used anything rose on their skin. Sometimes I wonder if we haven’t disregarded some very important and useful information in our world that worked very well in favor of modern technology. Well, that is for another day’s blog.
  • Geraniol has also been found to be a neuroprotectant. When geraniol was given to mice in which Parkinson’s disease (PD) had been induced, the mice demonstrated improved motor coordination, and expression of biomolecules called neurotrophic factors (NTFs), which enrich the growth and survival potential of neurons. They are also involved in the formation of long-lasting memories. This study also demonstrated geraniol’s antioxidant activity. (Rehka, K. et al. “Geraniol Ameliorates the Motor Behavior and Neurotrophic Factors Inadequacy in MPTP-Induced Mice Model of Parkinson’s Disease”, J MolNeurosci, 2013, Volume 51: Pages 851–862.)
  • Researchers have found the terpenoid to possess antitumor or anticancer properties. These findings have been shown for skin, oral, breast, lung, colon, prostate, pancreatic, kidney, and liver cancers.
  • It is also an anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral.
  • Is known to repel mosquitoes.

If you would like to read more on this amazing terpene, I took most of this information from the magazine Terpenes and Testing (Jason S. Lupoi, Ph.D) at this link: Some of the other information is taken from Leafly.

Share this post

← Older Post Newer Post →